31 January 2002

Mr. Miroslav Marek < Miramarek@seznam.cz >

Dear Mr. Marek:

"The Family de Baux/del Balzo"genealogy at




is badly flawed, for it confuses two entirely different families... I am not surprised at this error, as even the eminent chronologer Sir Anthony Marinus Hendrik Johan Stokvis (1855-1924), in his magnificent «Manuel d'histoire, de génélogie et de chronologie de tous les états du Globe, depuis les temps les plus reculés jusq'a nos jours» (Leiden, N. V. Boekhandel & Antiquariaat, 1888-1893), confuses the same two families simmilarly.

Truly yours,

Aurelio Isamat, Prince of Catalonia-Ampurias-Cardona



The family de Baux/del Balzo

The earliest definite ancestor was one Pons "iuvenis", who had by his wife Profecta a son: Hugues de Baux, +after 15.10.1059; m.Inauris, dau.of Guillaume, sn d'Apt; they had issue:

A1. Guillaume=Hugues de Baux, +ca 1110; m.Vierne N

B1. Hugues, fl 1142

B2. Raymond de Baux, a contender for the throne of Provence 1145; he was in Syria 1110; +Barcelona 1150; m.before 1116 Stephanette (+after 1160) dau.of Vcte Gilbert de Gevaudun

C1. Hugues, Sire de Baux, +Sardinia 1179; 1m: NN; 2m: a dau.of King Comita II of Torre [Sardinia]

D1. [1m.] Raimond de Baux, +1172/80

D2. [2m.] Ugo de Basso, "iudicarius" of Arborea, *ca 1172, +ca 1222; 1m: Preciosa de Lacon; 2m: before 9.6.1206 a dau.of Marchese Guglielmo di Massa

E1. [1m.] Pietro I de Lacon, King and "Iudicarius" of Arborea, Vcte de Baux, fl 1237; m.Diana N; for his descendants, see HERE

C2. Guillaume de Baux, a monk 1130/56

C3. Bertrand, Sire de Baux, Prince d'Orange, +1180/1, bur abbaye de Sylvacane; m.Tiburge d'Orange; for his descendants, see HERE

C4. Gilbert de Baux, fl 1137/60

C5. Raimond de Baux, fl 1168

D1. Raimon de Baux, fl 1166

D2. Guillaume de Baux, fl 1166

D3. Bertrand de Baux, fl 1166

C6. Alasacie de Baux, fl 1143; m.Pierre de Lambesc

C7. Matelle de Baux, +after X.1175; 1m: ca 1145 Vcte Pierre de Gabarret, de Bearn et de Brulhois (+ca 1154); 2m: ca 1155 Vcte Centulle III de Marsan, Cte de Bigorre

B3. Poncia de Baux; m.at Avignon 1114 Guillaume Reinouard de Mezenas

A2. Hugues, fl 1059/69

A3. Pons-Hugues, fl 1078


One of the families is the French House of Baux, while the other is the Catalan House of Cervera, originally Cervaria (in Latin), Cervera (in Catalan and Castillian), later also Cerveró, Cervelló (in Catalan), and Cerverón, Cervellón (in Castillian). This House of Cervera inherited Principality-vicounty of Bas (which was the feudal evolution of the hereditary office of Vice Prince-count of Besalú), and was, thus, also House of Bas.

The Principality-vicounty of Bas, originally Basso (in Latin), is entirely different form the Barony of Baux.

The spelling Cerveró (Cerverón) is a diminutive of Cervera, while Cervelló (Cervellón) is a variation of Cerveró. The use of diminutives as alternate spelling of surnames and fiefs is very common in Catalan.

The Barony of Cervera, later ussually called Cervelló (Cervellón), was a fief of the Principality-county of Barcelona, and in modern times was divided into several municipalities, including the municipality of Cervelló, in the province of Barcelona.

The Barony of Cervera a.k.a. Cervelló should not be confused with the city of Cervera, in the province of Lleida (Lérida). A second Barony of Cervera was founded in , including the area sourrounding the city of Cervera (but never the city itself). It was a fief of the Principality-county of Urgell. This Cervera toponym was derived from the older name of the city, Dhervera (in Arabic).

The Barons of Cervera a.k.a. Cervelló (peers of Barcelona) descdended from the Barons of Castellfollit. The Barons of Cervera (peers of Urgell) descended from the Barons of Timor. As the coat of arms of the House of Cervera (Castellfollit-Cervera) a.k.a. Cervelló, the House of Timor, and the other House of Cervera (Timor-Cervera), are essentially the same, it is most probable that the Barons of Timor were themselves descendants of the Barons of Cervera a.k.a. Cervelló.



Early genealogy of the House of Cervera-Bas

Lord Assolf, living in 0950. > Issue: Lord Isarn, next.

Lord Isarn = Isarnus, Baron of Castellfollit. Married Lady Ilia. > Issue: Lord Dalmau Isarn, next.

Lord Dalmau Isarn = Dalmatius Isarni, 1st Baron of Castellfollit, Veguer of Cervera. Married Lady Elisava. > Issue: Lord Hug Dalmau (died 1025-1027), next.

Lord Hug Dalmau de Cervera = Hugo Dalmatii Cervariæ (died 1025-1027), 2nd Baron of Castellfollit, Veguer of Cervera. Was Grand Counsellor to the Duchess Regent of Hispania-Barcelona (1017-1021) Lady Ermessenda de Carcassona, Princess-infanta of France-Comminges-Carcassona (died 1057). Married Lady Eliarda de Gelida, Princess-infanta of Catalonia-Barcelona (died c. 1041) = Eliarda I, 2nd Baroness of Gelida (1003-c. 1041); daughter to Lord Ènnech «Bonfill» de Gelida, Prince-infante of Catalonia-Barcelona (died 1003), 1st Baron of Gelida (09..-1003), Veguer of Sant Martí de Mata (0963-1003), and to Lady Egó, Princess-infanta of Conflent. > Issue: Lord Dalmau Hug (died 1068), Lord Umbert Hug (died 1092), and Lord Alamany Hug (died 1068-1069).

1.1. Lord Dalmau Hug of Cervera = Dalmatius Hugonis Cervariæ (died 1068), 3rd Baron of Castellfollit (1035-1068), Veguer of Cervera (10..–1068). Married Lady Elisava. > Issue: Lord Hug Dalmau (died c. 1095).

1.1.1. Lord Hug Dalmau of Cervelló = Hug Dalmau of Cervera = Hugo Dalmatii Cervariæ (died c. 1095), 1st Baron of Cervera (1068-1095), 4th Baron of Castellfolit (1068-1095). Signatory of the «Usatges» (1068). Married Lady Adelaida. > Issue: Lord Ponç (died 1130). Lord Ponç Hug of Cervera (died 1130), Baron of Cervera (1095-1130), Baron of Castellfollit (1095-1127) = Ponç I, Prince-vicount of Bas (1127-1155). At the beggining of the 12th century the ceeded the Barony of Castellfollit to Lord Ramon Berenguer «el Jove» of Barcelona, Prince of Barcelona (died 1162) = Ramon Berenguer IV = Ramon V, Duque of Hispania and Prince-count of Barcelona (1131-1162). Married c. 1110 Lady Beatriu of Bas, Princess-infanta of Bas-Milany (died 1145) = Beatriu I, Princess-vicountess of Bas (1127-1145), Baroness of Milany; daughter to Lord Udalard Bernat of Bas, Prince-infante of Bas-Milany (born c. 1065 – died c. 1115) = Udalard I, Prince-vicount of Besalú-Bas (c. 1079-1115), Baron of Milany, Baron of Monells (-1102-), and to Lady Ermessenda d’Empúries, Princess-infanta of Catalonia-Ampurias (born c. 1070 – died 1120), Baroness of Bauda, Baroness of Montagut. > Issue: Lord Pere Ponç (died 1137-1140), and Lord Ponç (died 1153-1155). Lord Pere Ponç de Cervelló = Pere Ponç de Cervera = Pere Ponç de Bas, Prince-infante of Bas (died 1137-1140) = Pere I, Prince-vicount of Bas (-c. 1137). Lord Ponç de Cervelló = Ponç de Cervera = Ponç de Bas, Prince-infante of Bas (died 1153-1155) = Ponç II, Prince-vicount of Bas (1137-c. 1153). Took part in the conquest of Tortosa in 1148. Married 1148, Lady Almodis de Barcelona, Princess-infanta of Catalonia-Barcelona (born 1126 – died 1171 or later); daughter to Lord Ramon Berenguer «el Gros» de Catalonia-Barcelona, Prince-infante of Catalonia-Barcelona (died 1131) = Ramon Berenguer III, Duke of Hispania (1082-1131), Prince-count of Barcelona (1082-1131) = Ramon Berenguer I, Príncipe-conde de Provença (1113-1131), and to Lady Dolç de Gevaudan, Princess-infanta of Catalonia-Toulouse-Gevaudan (died 1127-1130) = Dolç I, Princess-countess of Provença, Princess-vicountess of Milhaud, Princess-vicountess of Gevaudan, Princess-vicountess of Rodez. > ISSUE: Lady Gaia (born 1145), Lady Agalbursa (born 1148), Lord Hug (died 1185), and Lord Ponç (died 1195). Lady Gaia Cervelló = Gaia de Cervera = Gaia de Bas, Prinesa-infanta de Bas (born c. 1145). Married Lord Ramon de Torroja (born c. 1130 – died c. 1195); son to Lord Ramon de Torroja. > ISSUE: Lord Pere (died 1198), y Lord Ramon (born 1165) de Torroja. Continues the line of Princes-Regent of Bas. Lady Agalbursa de Cervelló = Agalbursa de Cervera = Agalbursa de Bas, Princess-infanta of Bas (born c. 1148). Married Lord Barison, Prince-infante of Arborea. Lord Hug Ponç de Cervelló = Hug Ponç de Cervera = Hug Ponç de Bas, Prince-infante of Bas (died 1185 in Arborea) = Hug I, Prince-vicount of Bas (1155-1185). About 1178 moved to Sardinia and never returend to Bas, where he left his brother, Ponç III, as Regent. When Ponç III died without issue, the Regency passed to the descendats of the eldest sister, Lady Gaia (House of Torroja, and later to the House des Palau). From 1178 to 1231, the Princes-vicounts of Bas were absentee rulers, and the Principality was governed by the hereditary Regents. In 1231 the Prince-regent, Lord Simó des Palau (died 1247), Baron of l’Espulga sobirà, proclaimed himself Prince-vicount of Bas, and was accepted as such. Married c. 1178 in Arborea, Lady [...], Princess-infanta of Arborea. > Lord Hug (died 1191). Lord Hug de Cervelló = Hug de Cervera = Ugo d’Arborea = Hug de Bas, Prince-infante of Bas-Arborea (died 1191) = Hug II, Prince-vicount of Bas (1185-1191) = Ugo I, Prince-justice of Arborea (1186-1191). > ISSUE: Lord Hug (died 1222). Lord Hug de Cervelló = Ugo d’Arborea = Hugo de Cervera = Hug de Bas, Prince-infante of Bas-Arborea (died 1222) = Hug III, Prince-vicount of Bas (1191-1222) = Ugo II, Prince-justice of Arborea (1191-1207). Married (1), Lady Preziosa de Lacon. MARRIED (2), Lady [...] de Massa. > ISSUE: Lord Costantino (died 1230), and Lord Pietro (died 1237). Lord Constatí de Cervelló = Constantí de Cervera = Constantí de Bas = Costantino d’Arborea, Prince-infante of Bas-Arborea (died 1230) = Costantino II, Prince-justice of Arborea (1215-1230) = Constantí I, Prince-vicount of Bas (1222-1230). Lord Pere de Cervelló = Pere de Cervera = Pere de Bas = Pietro d’Arborea, Prince-infante of Bas-Arborea (died 1237) = Pietro II, Prince-justice of Arborea (1230-1237) = Pere II, Prince-vicount of Bas (1230-1237). He was succeded in Bas by his Regent, Lord Simó des Palau (died 1247), and in Arborea by Lord Azzone de Lacon. This Pietro d’Arborea is your ‘Pietro I de Lacon, Vcte de Baux, King and "Iudicarius" of Arborea, fl 1237’. But as far as I know, the Cervera-Bas-Arborea line ENDS here. Your ‘Marianus II, Vcte de Baux, "iudicarius" of Arborea, +ca 1322’, was Lord Mariano di Capraia = Mariano d’Arborea, Prince-infante of Arborea (died 1321) = Mariano III, Prince-justice of Arborea (1301-1321). The father of Lord Mariano III was Lord Chiano di Capraia = Chiano d’Arborea, Prince-infante of Arborea (died 1301) = Chiano I, Prince-justice of Arborea (1299-1301). The father of Lord Chiano I was Lord Mariano di Capraia = Mariano d’Arborea, Prince-infante of Arborea (died 1299) = Mariano II, Prince-justice of Arborea (1277-1299). Finally, Lord Mariano II’s father was Lord Guglielmo di Capraia (died 1264) = Guglielmo II, Prince-justice of Arborea (1253-1264), who succeeded Lord Comita, Prince-infante of Arborea-Cagliari = Comita III, Prince-justice of Arborea (1238-1253). The parents of Lord Comita III were Lord Barisone, Prince-infante of Arborea-Cagliari = Barisone IV, Prince-Justice of Cagliari (1215-1218), and Lady Benedetta di Maasa. The father of Lady Benedetta was Lord Guglielmo di Maasa (died 1215) = Guglielmo I, Prince-justice of Arborea (1207-1215), Prince-justice of Cagliari (1193-1215), Marquis of Maasa. Lord Ponç de Cervelló = Ponç de Cervera = Ponç de Bas, Prince-infante of Bas (died 1195) = Ponç III, Prince-regent of Bas (1178-1195).

1.2. Lord Umbert Hug of Cerveró = Umbert Hug of Cervelló = Umbert Hug of Cervera (died 1092), 3rd Baron of Gelida (1041-1069), Bishop of Barcelona (1069-1085). Married Lady Dalmizana. > ISSUE: none.

1.3. Lord Alemany Hug de Cerveró = Alemany Hug de Cervelló = Alemany Hug de Cervera = Allamannus Hugonis de Cervellione = Allamannus Hugonis Cervariæ (died 1068-1069). Was Signatory of the «Usatges» (1068). > Issue: Lord Guerau Alemany (died c. 1079).

1.3.1 Lord Gerau Alamany de Cerveró = Guerau Alamay de Cervelló = Guerau Alemany de Cervera (died c. 1079), 4th Baron of Gelida (1069-1079). Married Lady Ermengarda de Barcelona, Princess-infanta of Catalonia-Barcelona; daughter to Lord Ramon Berenguer «el Vell» de Barcelona, Prince-infante of Catalonia-Barcelona (born c. 1024 – died 1076) = Ramon Berenguer I, Duke of Hispania (1035-1076), Prince-count of Barcelona (1035-1076), Prince-count of Gerona (1035-1076), Prince-count of Ausona (1064-1076). > Issue: Lord Guerau (died 1097). Continues line of Barons of Gelida.



The Founder of the other Barony of Cervera was Lord Galceran de Timor, later kwon as Galceran de Cervera, from whom this other Barony of Cervera was created in 1067. At the service of Lord Ramon Berenguer I, Duke of Hispania and Prince-count of Barcelona, Lord Galceran de Timor took the city of Cervera (Dherwera) from the Moors in 1067. As I mentioned earlier, this barony never included the city of Cervera, but held considerable territory in the immediate area.